Virtual LibraryWWW VL Mycology: Collections

These pages are no longer maintained, and were last updated in 2005. More info on the home page.


Mycological Resources on the Internet: Collections

Living and preserved fungi

Refer also to the suppliers page for commercial dealers in mushroom spawn

[Culture Collections]---[Herbaria]

Culture Collections

The World Data Center on Microorganisms compiles data for many different collections.

Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection (NRRL)

NRRL, the very large culture collection of the US Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service (Peoria, IL) includes many patent strains. Searchable catalogs for holdings of Penicillium, Aspergillus and actinomycetes (filamentous bacteria) are currently available; more catalogs will appear soon.

American Type Culture Collection (ATCC)

The ATCC web page provides a searchable interface to their extensive holdings of filamentous fungi and yeasts, ordering instructions, and information about ATCC workshops and products.

ARS Collections of Entomopathogenic Fungi (ARSEF)

A catalog of cultures available from the USDA-ARS Collections of Entomopathogenic Fungi (Ithaca, NY, USA) is available online in pdf format.

Banque Européenne des Glomales (BEG)

BEG lists cultures of glomalean endomycorrhizal fungi in use by European researchers. Its aims are to facilitate and standardize identification, conserve biodiversity and maintain a database of strains. The BEG newsletter, dummies' guide to AM fungi, various protocols, plus genetic libraries and sequences are available through the web site. Strains are available free of charge for scientific research.

Belgian Co-ordinated Collections of Micro-organisms (BCCM)

BCCM provides cultures of fungi, yeasts, bacteria and plasmids. Their web pages include their newsletter and online search forms.


Common Access to Biological Resources and Information (CABRI) provides a unified search interface for a handful of European culture collections. These include BCCM, CABI, and CBS, among others.

Canadian Collection of Fungal Cultures (CCFC)

The CCFC holds more than 10000 fungal cultures accessible through a searchable database. Ordering information and a directory of Canadian culture collections are also available here.

Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS)

CBS is an important center for mycological research in The Netherlands. Their extensive culture collection can be searched on many criteria, including cultural characteristics. CBS also provides access to nomenclatural databases on the Aphyllophorales and the genus Fusarium, and archives of an ongoing discussion on fungal nomenclature.

Culture Collection of Basidiomycetes (CCBAS)

The Czech Republic's Culture Collection of Basidiomycetes (CCBAS) contains more than 630 strains belonging to 253 species in 115 genera, specializing in members of the Agaricales, Aphyllophorales, and Gasterales. Complete accession information is available online.

Czech Collection of Fungi (CCF)

The CCF holds about 2000 strains, and provides a list of taxa for browsing.

Fungal Cultures, University of Göteborg (FCUG)

The FCUG collection at the University of Göteborg, Sweden, is particularly rich in cultures of wood-rotting basidiomycetes. A searchable interface is provided.

Fungal Genetics Stock Center (FGSC)

The FGSC serves databases on the genetics of Aspergillus, Fusarium, Neurospora, Sordaria and other fungi, as well as catalogs of mutant and wild type strains; cloned genes and gene libraries; and useful recipes and methods. The Fungal Genetics Newsletter is online with full text and quality images. Some laboratory exercises demonstrating fungi can be found here. European users will achieve faster access through the U.K. mirror site.

Fungi Perfecti

Fungi Perfecti (Olympia, Washington, USA) supplies a plethora of mushroom-growing equipment, spawn and kits, books, and dried edible and medicinal mushrooms. Their online catalog and information about Paul Stamets' mushroom cultivation seminars and consultation services can be found here. This elegant web site includes many impressive images of mushrooms and other products, including scanning electron micrographs of mushroom ultrastructure.

GPDATA: Soil-borne fungi

A collection of cultures of soil-inhabiting fungi housed at the Institute of Arable Crops Research, Rothamsted, U.K.

Institute for Fermentation Culture Collection (IFO)

A large collection of cultures is maintained by the Inst. for Fermentation in Osaka, Japan. A list of fungal species in IFO is available. The catalog is available on CD-ROM or in printed form, but is not yet online.

International Culture Collection of Arbuscular and VA Mycorrhizal Fungi (INVAM)

The web pages of INVAM provide information about this large collection of endomycorrhizal fungi, its staff, and the fungi it holds. Information on the taxonomy of glomalean fungi, cultivation and isolation methods, and a searchable database of accessions are available online.

Microbial Information Network of China

A compilation of data from Chinese culture collections and herbaria, information on the journal "Mycosystema," and other Chinese mycology resources.

Microbial Strain Data Network: mushroom databases

MSDN's guide to mushroom databases is an extensive collection of data repositories relating to scientific work on mushrooms. Summaries and connection information are included for both public and commercial resources of interest to mycologists.

Mycobase (LCP)

A searchable database of 4000 fungal strains held by the LCP (Laboratoire de Cryptogamie) at the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris, France. Web pages in French and English.

New Zealand Fungus Herbarium (PDD)

The New Zealand Fungus Herbarium focuses on the fungi of New Zealand. The ICMP culture collection and data on New Zealand's fungi are also provided through this website.

Spanish Type Culture Collection (CECT)

La Coleccion Espanola de Cultivos Tipo includes cultures of fungi and bacteria, browsable via an online catalog. An English interface is also available.

United Kingdom National Culture Collection (UKNCC)

The UKNCC provides searchable interfaces for ten culture collections in the U.K., including the diverse fungal holdings of CABI Bioscience (formerly IMI) and the National Collection of Yeast Cultures (NCYC).

University of Alberta Microfungus Collection and Herbarium (UAMH)

The catalogue of the UAMH culture collection is searchable online. This Canadian collection of over 9500 strains includes significant collections of ascomycetous and hyphomycetous microfungi, fungi associated with human and animal disease, and mycorrhizal fungi. The web pages provide information on UAMH research, services, ordering procedures, and training opportunities.

Uppsala University Culture Collection (UPSC)

Searchable indices to UPSC, the fungal culture collection at Uppsala University (Sweden). The collection includes some 3000 accessions.

World Data Centre for Microorganisms (WDCM)

The World Federation of Culture Collections offers searchable indices of over 400 registered culture collections in more than 50 countries worldwide. Many culture collection homepages can also be found through the WDCM.


Index Herbariorum, can be searched and updated online through the New York Botanical Garden.

Arthur Herbarium

The Arthur Herbarium at Purdue University (USA) holds "almost 100,000 specimens" of rust fungi (Uredinales) from all over the world.

British Antarctic Survey Herbarium (AAS)

The British Antarctic Survey herbarium (AAS) includes plants, lichens, algae and macrofungi. The site provides access to a literature database, and to accession information for Antarctic collections at AAS and other herbaria.

Collectio Micro- et Macromycetum (BP)

Web pages of the Hungarian Natural History Museum's herbarium of fungi, specializing in mushrooms and microfungi. Over 90,000 specimens and 66 types are held. A searchable database of about 20,000 macrofungal specimens can be accessed here.

Cornell Plant Pathology Herbarium (CUP)

Home page of CUP, a large herbarium including about 400,000 specimens of fungi and also a diverse collection of plant pathogenic organisms.

Dutch Herbaria: catalog of type specimens

This database of type specimens held in herbaria in the Netherlands is searchable by taxon, author, and many other fields. It includes about 55,000 specimens of plants, fungi and lichens held at Amsterdam (AMD), Leiden (L), Utrecht (U) and Wageningen (WAG). Images of some specimens are available.

Farlow Herbarium (FH)

The vast holdings of the Farlow Herbarium (FH) at Harvard University (MA, USA) include fungi, lichens, bryophytes, and algae.

Florida Mycology Research Center

A source of information and supplies for growing entheogenic mushrooms.

Forest Mycology and Mycorrhiza Research Team, Mycology Research Herbarium (OSUF)

A searchable interface is available for 28,000 fungal specimens held by the US Forest Service Forest Mycology and Mycorrhiza Research Team, in Corvallis, OR.

Forest Mycology Team, USFS

The website of the US Forest Service group in Corvallis, Oregon, USA includes a photo gallery, an index to publications, and information on current research. Under "Publications and Products," you can find searchable databases of their herbarium, and of literature on mycology and sequestrate fungi (truffles and truffle-like fungi).

Forest Pathology Herbarium (DAVFP)

DAVFP, the herbarium of the Pacific Forestry Centre (Canadian Forest Service) now has online listings of holdings, and also provides a host-fungus index for plants of British Columbia (Canada), as well as mushroom fact sheets.

Herbarium Hamburgense (HBG)

A list of taxa of fungi and lichens held by HBG and their collectors is available through their home pages.

Herbarium Pacificum (BISH), Bishop Museum

Fungal type specimens held at the Bishop Museum in Hawaii, USA are searchable online.

Index Herbariorum

The online version of the Index Herbariorum can be searched and updated online courtesy of the New York Botanical Garden.

Kriebel Herbarium

The Kriebel Herbarium at Purdue University holds specimens of fungi and plants, specializing in those from Indiana, in central USA.

MA Herbarium fungus types

A searchable index of fungal type specimens in the MA Herbarium (Real Jardin Botanico, Madrid, Spain). Dothidealean and sphaeropsidalean taxa are especially well represented, and important collections include those of R. Gonzalez Fragoso, R. Ciferri, and F. Bubak.

Microbial Information Network of China

A compilation of data from Chinese culture collections and herbaria, information on the journal "Mycosystema," and other Chinese mycology resources.


A Swiss group proposing to build a kind of museum of fungi, the International Center of Mycology (site in English, German, and French).

National Botanic Garden of Belgium (BR), Herbarium Mycologicum

Herbarium BR provides information on specimens, loans, and images, including watercolors of myxomycetes by Klopfenstein, E., and scans of fresh specimens by A. Marchal. Information on the BR myxomycete herbarium of N.E. Nannenga-Bremekamp is provided. Types and other specimens from their three main collections (Africa, Europe and Belgium) are searchable by genus name.

National Herbarium of the Netherlands, NHN

Three major university herbaria: Leiden (L), Utrecht (U), and Wageningen (WAG) merged in 1999 to form the National Herbarium of the Netherlands, NHN. The web sites include a searchable index to type specimens, and other information about the herbarium.

New York Botanical Garden (NYBG)

Numerous subcollections of fungi within the Steere Herbarium of the NYBG (USA) can be searched online. This includes fungus types and many others.

New Zealand Fungus Herbarium (PDD)

The New Zealand Fungus Herbarium focuses on the fungi of New Zealand. The ICMP culture collection and data on New Zealand's fungi are also provided through this website.

Oregon State University Herbarium (OSC)

Fungal type specimens at OSC, the Oregon State University Herbarium (USA) are now searchable online.

Personal Herbaria of Professor Seaward

Personal Herbaria of Professor M.R.D.Seaward are currently housed at the University of Bradford (U.K.). THe Lichen herbarium is provided with a searchable interface.

Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne

The Royal Botanic Gardens in Melbourne Australia maintain a nice set of pages on fungi. Their catalog of Australian fungi, linked to specimen data and synonymy, complements FungiMap, a guide to species distributions. A series of fungal fact sheets is being developed.

Rutgers Mycological Herbarium (RUTPP)

Partial holdings of RUTPP, the mycological herbarium of Rutgers University (NJ, USA) are browsable online.

SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Herbarium (SYRF)

A guide to herbarium history, layout, and major collections is presented on the web page of the Mycological Herbarium of the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Foresty (Syracuse, NY, USA).

Swedish Museum of Natural History Lichen Herbarium (S)

A listing of specimens, including types, held by the Swedish Museum of Natural History (S) Lichen Herbarium, Stockholm, Sweden. A listing of fungal exsiccatae, and images of mushrooms painted for Elias Fries are also available.

The New York State Museum Mycological Collections: Herbarium NYS

The New York State Museum (Albany, NY, USA) holds C.H. Peck's collections, among others. This site includes a database of Peck's type specimens, dates of publication for his works, and biographical information. Peck described more than 2,700 new species during his career as the New York State Botanist from 1868 until 1913.

U.S. National Fungus Collections databases

This incredibly valuable USDA-ARS site is a superstar of mycological internet resources. It provides a searchable host index based on "Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the US;" a "Literature Guide for Identification of Plant Pathogenic Fungi;" mycological literature reference databases; a listing of specimens in the National Fungus Collections (BPI); an index to Saccardo's "Sylloge Fungorum;" and and index to the "Index of Fungi."

U.S. National Herbarium Lichen Type Specimens

The Lichen Type Specimen Register (includes lichens and bryophytes) at the Smithsonian Institution is searchable. A checklist of the lichenized fungi of the Guianas is also available.

University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley

Information about the herbaria includes a list of type specimens of fungi and lichens held at UC, the herbarium of the University of California at Berkeley (USA).

University of Arizona Lichens database

The lichen holdings of the University of Arizona herbarium (USA) are searchable online, along with information on the Sonoran Desert Lichen Flora Project.

University of British Columbia Herbarium (UBC)

Over 14,000 fungi and 35,000 lichens of the University of British Columbia collections can be searched online.

University of Michigan Herbarium (MICH)

The fungal collections of the University of Michigan herbarium is among the largest in North America. Some fungus specimens (including types) can be searched online. Other fungal resources include an image collection, scanned fungal monographs, and other digital resources.

University of Minnesota Lichen Herbarium (MIN)

This site provides checklists of lichen specimens at MIN, including types, exsiccati, and other holdings.

University of Oslo, Lichen Herbarium (O)

The University of Oslo Herbarium (O), Norway provides searchable databases and checklists of lichens, including a searchable archive of recent literature.

University of Trieste, Lichen Herbarium (TSB)

A searchable database of holdings and label information for specimens in the University of Trieste Lichen Herbarium (TSB), Italy.